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The basics

  pH Levels A healthy vagina has good and harmful bacteria. Like other parts of the body the vagina has a pH balance (ie how acidic it is) that needs to be maintained within a certain ran...

Thrush

  What is it? Thrush is a common vaginal infection.  It causes redness or itching around the vagina, and a thicker discharge that resembles cottage cheese. Causes Thrush is not a sexual...

Bacterial Vaginosis

  What is it? Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common vaginal infection. It is identified through a change in the vaginal discharge, most noticeably where the discharge has a strong fishy smell....

Cystitis

  What is it? Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder, usually identified through an urgent or more often need to urinate, stinging when urinating, blood in the urine or a painful bladder. ...

Vaginal cysts

  What is it? A cyst is a sealed sac made up of bodily tissue.  This can be found in or around the walls of the vagina. The sac can be filled with air, fluid or other material. There are diff...

Spotting

  What is it? The basic difference between spotting and a period is the quantity of blood discharged through the vagina. During your period there is usually a heavy flow of blood that can las...

Vaginal dryness

  What is it? The vagina naturally lubricates to help keep itself clean, ward off infections and aid with intercourse. However some women experience vaginal dryness which can be extremely unc...

Irregular periods

  What is it? On average a woman’s menstrual cycle lasts 28 days, but cycles can vary from 24-35 days.  Menstrual bleeding usually lasts anything between 2-7 days. However some women find tha...

Urinary Incontinence

  What is it? This is the unintentional passing of urine and is a very common problem amongst men and women of varying ages. There are two types: The first is stress incontinence which is whe...

STIs

  What is it? Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) Causes These are passed from one person to another through sexual or genital contact.  For example, chlamydia, genital herpes, gonor...

Vulvodynia

What is it? Vulvodynia, also known as “chronic vulva pain,” is characterised by burning, irritation, and pain around the vulva which is the opening of the vagina. Causes This can be ca...

Cervical Screening Test (smear test)

  What is it? This is a test to detect abnormal cells in the cervix (the cervix is the opening to the womb from the vagina).  The NHS currently invites all 25-64 year old women to have this d...

Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)

Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a serious illness which can be fatal.  It is caused by the toxins produced by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus which is common...